I am suffering from DMLA
Symptoms and complications
Age-related retinal disease, macular degeneration results in progressive or progressive loss of central vision. If there is no way today to prevent it, it could be slowed down thanks to a diet rich in antioxidants and low in saturated fats. And by refraining from smoking ...
What is age-related macular degeneration?
Macular degeneration is a disease of the eye that results from a gradual deterioration of the macula, a small area in the center of the retina that allows precise viewing of details and colors. This degeneration due to aging (it is rare in people under 50 years) causes a gradual or rapid loss of central vision, without causing pain. With exception, it does not lead to blindness and lateral vision is maintained. It is estimated that between 800,000 and 1 million people in France are affected by DMLA, more than half of whom are over 80 years old.
What are the symptoms of DMLA?
There are two types of DMLA:
- Dry macular degeneration, which accounts for 80% of cases and results in a narrowing of the retina accompanied by an accumulation of colored proteins inside the retina. In dry macular degeneration, central vision (in the center of the visual field) begins to weaken in one eye. The colors remain visible, but the details are unclear. This evolution is done over a decade. Often, the first signs go unnoticed, especially if the other eye is in good condition. Unfortunately, macular degeneration rarely affects only one eye; the other always ends up with the same symptoms.
- wet macular degeneration where new blood vessels develop around and behind the macula. Proteins escape from these vessels and accumulate on the macula. These proteins eventually disappear, but they leave a scar. In wet macular degeneration, the loss of vision is much faster. The central part of the field of vision diminishes and generally disappears completely leaving a large blind area. One of the first signs of wet macular degeneration is the appearance of lines that undulate in the center of the visual field. This phenomenon is explained by the flow of liquids escaping new blood vessels, lift the macula and deform.
What are the complications of DMLA?
Wet macular degeneration is the one that causes the greatest number of blindness, although it is rarely total.